Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD FIRST SOURSCE (www.oxfordfirstsource.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford FIRST SOURCE for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 02 August 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Paul Valery (1871–1945) was a French writer whose interests were so broad that he was known as a polymath (someone whose interests span many different areas). He produced plays, essays, novels, and other works of nonfiction, including symbolist poetry (symbolism being a late 19th-century art movement). He was born and raised in the south of France, where he received a Roman Catholic education before moving to Paris, where he lived for most of his life. By 1919, when he wrote A Crisis of the Mind, Valery was a literary giant in France. In it he suggested that Europe was in decline. Looking back at the great civilizations of antiquity, he memorialized them and went on to point out that Europe, though once great, was not immune to the forces which undermined Babylon, or Nineveh, or the Ancient Persian Empire, among other ancient civilizations.

From Paul Valéry, A Crisis of the Mind. 1919.

Access to the complete content on Oxford First Source requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.