Abstract and Keywords
Hitler was appointed to the Chancellorship in January 1933. One month later a young Dutch Communist, Marinus van der Lubbe (1909–1934), set fire to the Reichstag building; by his own admission, he committed arson as a desperate attempt to rally the German working class against the Nazis. (He was tried, found guilty, and guillotined.) Using the fire as an excuse, Hitler dissolved the parliament and assumed emergency powers – which led directly to his ultimate declaration of dictatorial authority as Führer. Several months later, Hitler addressed the annual Congress of the Nazi Party.
Translation by Clifford R. Backman
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