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date: 02 August 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Benito Mussolini (1883–1945) ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943. As leader of the Fascist Party, he governed the nation as Prime Minister, according to the constitution, until January of 1925, when he dropped all pretense and began to rule as dictator. He liked to think of himself as combining the traits of a scholar with those of a man of action – and his collected works fill twelve volumes. In the following essay, published in 1923 in a monthly journal (Gerarchia) that he himself served as editor-in-chief, he contrasts the virtues of Fascism (“Force”) with the vices of Liberalism (“Consent”).

Translation by Clifford R. Backman

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