Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD FIRST SOURSCE ( (c) Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford FIRST SOURCE for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 31 July 2021

Abstract and Keywords

On May 4, 1886, as protestors and police faced off against each other in Chicago, an unknown person threw a bomb, killing seven policemen and wounding others. The police fired on the crowd, killing and injuring many more. Blaming anarchists for the bomb, newspapers clamored for arrests. Among the eight put on trial was August Spies. Nobody pretended that he had thrown the bomb, nor could anyone prove that the perpetrator had read the inflammatory circular that Spies had published beforehand. Despite this, all the defendants were convicted. Four, Spies among them, went to the gallows; a fifth man killed himself. The others were sent to prison. In 1893, it was recognized that the defendants had not received a fair trial and pardons were issued to the survivors.

Source: The Famous Speeches of the Eight Chicago Anarchists in Court (Chicago: Lucy E. Parsons, 1910), 16–26.

Access to the complete content on Oxford First Source requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.