You are looking at  1-17 of 17 documents  for:

  • States, Empires, and Revolutions x
  • South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Indian Ocean x
Clear All


The Azamgarh Proclamation  

Firoz Shah

This proclamation was published in the Delhi Gazette in the midst of the “Great Mutiny” of 1857. The author was most probably Firoz Shah, a grandson of the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar ... More

The Baburnama  


Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (1483–1530) was born a prince of Fergana in Transoxiana (modern Uzbekistan and Tajikistan), a region that had been conquered (briefly) by the army of Alexander the ... More

The Bhagavad Gita  


The Bhagavad Gita comprises the sixth book, and is the central component, of the Mahabharata. Because it centers on the struggles between kings and princes, the Mahabharata can be read as a ... More

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad  


A diverse set of writings, the Upanishads were thought to convey secret knowledge and serve as the vedanta, or fulfillment, of the Vedic tradition. Among these documents are the Aranyakas ... More

Calico textile  


Calico was a fine printed cotton cloth first imported to England from Calicut, on the western shore of the subcontinent, by the British East India Company. A domestic manufacture of ... More

The Chachnamah  


Composed in Arabic and translated into Persian in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the Chachnama details the Arab conquest of the Sind (a province corresponding to northwest India and ... More

The Duties of Government Superintendents  


Kautilya was a political advisor to the first Mauryan king, Chandragupta Maurya, who in c. 321 BCE. created a vast empire across northern India. Kautilya wrote this treatise to guide ... More

Hind Swaraj (Self-Rule)  

Mohandas K. Gandhi

Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869–1948), also known as the Mahatma (“great soul”), came from an upper-class family in western India. His father was the leading administrator of a small principality ... More

The Lady of the Jewel Necklace  

Harsha Vardhana

Harsha Vardhana, one of the better known monarchs of India, controlled a wide swath of territory in the northern subcontinent between 606 and 647 CE. Harsha was visited during his reign by ... More

Letter To Lord Amherst On Education  

Ram Mohun Roy

By 1818 the British East India Company’s initially opportunistic establishment of territorial footholds in India’s Bengal and Madras provinces had become a London-sponsored imperial project ... More

The Mingling of Two Oceans  

Muhammad Dara Shikuh

The eldest son of Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, Dara Shikuh was defeated by his younger brother in a struggle for power in 1658. The victorious brother, Muhiuddin, ruled as the ... More

Presidential Address, Indian National Congress at gaya  

Chitta Ranjan Das

Chitta Ranjan Das was an Indian nationalist politician, and leader of the Swaraj (Independence) Party in Bengal, during British rule in India. Although educated in England, he returned to ... More

“Rulings on Temporal Government”  


The Mughal emperor Akbar ruled northern India, including large parts of present-day Pakistan and Bangladesh, from 1556 to 1605,and he is generally considered one of the greatest rulers of ... More

The Seven Pillar Edicts of King Ashoka  


The third of the Mauryan kings, Ashoka ruled a vast empire throughout the Indian subcontinent in the period 273–231 BCE. His abrupt conversion to Buddhism in 260 led him to govern according ... More

“Shooting an Elephant”  

George Orwell

George Orwell is the pen name of Eric Blair (1903–1950), one of the most important writers in the English language during the twentieth century. Orwell is famous for two widely read novels, ... More

“Three Poems of Shame”  

P’i Jih-hsiu

Because there are very few sources of information on the history of Vietnam before the Li dynasty (1010–1225), Chinese dynastic histories and Chinese poetry are indispensable sources. They ... More

The Vietnamese Declaration of Independence  

Ho Chi Minh (Nguyen Ai Quoc)

In September 1945, the same month that World War II officially ended, Ho Chi Minh (1890–1969) declared both Vietnamese independence and the establishment of the Democratic Republic of ... More