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  • Networks, Hierarchies, and Cultural Encounters, 1350 to 1800 x
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“A Procession of Artisans at Istanbul”  

Evliya Çelebi

Born on the Golden Horn and raised in the Sultan’s palace in Istanbul, Çelebi traveled throughout Ottoman domains between 1640 and 1680. He published an account of his travels and ... More

Janissary Musket  


The Janissaries constitute the most famous and centralized of the Ottomans’ military institutions. A feared and respected military force, the Janissaries were Christian-born males who had ... More

“The Court of Suleiman the Magnificent”  

Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq

Ghiselin (1522–1592) was a Flemish ambassador who represented the Austrian Habsburgs at the court of Suleiman the Magnificent (1520–1566) in Istanbul. In 1581, he published an account of ... More

Views on Peter the Great  

Peter the Great, John Hosy, and Eugene Schuyler

Peter I (1672–1725) of Russia was one of the most extraordinary rulers of eighteenth-century Europe. He came to power in a country with a deeply established traditional culture that was ... More