Abstract and Keywords
During the 1919 peace conference in Paris following World War I, numerous individuals and groups from European and Japanese colonies petitioned the “great powers” to either grant independence or at least put them on a path towards self-determination as promised by President Woodrow Wilson in his “14 Points” speech of January 1918. Among these was Nguyen Ai Quoc, better known to Americans in the 1960s as North Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh. He presented this appeal to Secretary of State Robert Lansing in the vain hope the United States would pressure France to liberate Vietnam, then called Annam.
Source: Howard J. Langer, ed., The Vietnam War: An Encyclopedia of Quotations (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2005), 19–20.
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