Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD FIRST SOURSCE ( (c) Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford FIRST SOURCE for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 08 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

During the 1919 peace conference in Paris following World War I, numerous individuals and groups from European and Japanese colonies petitioned the “great powers” to either grant independence or at least put them on a path towards self-determination as promised by President Woodrow Wilson in his “14 Points” speech of January 1918. Among these was Nguyen Ai Quoc, better known to Americans in the 1960s as North Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh. He presented this appeal to Secretary of State Robert Lansing in the vain hope the United States would pressure France to liberate Vietnam, then called Annam.

Source: Howard J. Langer, ed., The Vietnam War: An Encyclopedia of Quotations (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2005), 19–20.

Access to the complete content on Oxford First Source requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.